Bibliography of Technical Literature: Helical Anchors

Bibliography of Technical Literature: Helical Anchors

DESIGN AND PERFORMANCE OF
HELICAL SCREW-PILE FOUNDATIONS and HELICAL ANCHORS
(A Bibliography of the Technical Literature)

prepared by

Alan J. Lutenegger, P.E., Ph.D.
Professor
Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering
University of Massachusetts
Amherst, Ma. 01003
lutenegg@ecs.umass.edu
7/16/03

(Revised 4/15/07)

Adams, J.I. and Hayes, D.C., 1967. The Uplift Capacity of Shallow Foundations. Ontario Hydro Research Quarterly, Vol. 19, No. 1, pp. 1-13.

Adams, J.I. and Klym, T.W., 1972.  A Study of Anchors for Transmission Tower Foundations. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, Vol. 9, No. 1, pp. 89-104.

Black, D.R. and Pack, J.S., 2002. Design and Performance of Helical Screw Piles in Collapsible and Expansive Soils in Arid Regions of the United States. Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Piling and Deep Foundations, pp. 469-476.

Bobbitt, D.W., and Clemence, S.P., 1987. Helical Anchors: Application and Design Criteria. Proceedings of the 9th Southeast Asian Geotechnical Conference, Vol. 2, pp. 6-105 – 6-120.

Bobbitt, D.E. and Thorsten, R., 1989. The Use of Helical Tieback Anchors for a Permanent Retaining Wall. Foundation Congress, ASCE.

Bradka, T.D., 1997. Vertical Capacity of Helical Screw Anchor Piles. M.S. Report, Geotechnical Group, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Alberta.

Bustamante, M. and Gianeselli, L., 1998. Installation Parameters and Capacity of Screwed Piles. Proceedings of the 3rd International Geotechnical Seminar on Deep Foundations on Bored and Auger Piles: BAP III, pp. 95-108.

Carville, C.A. and Walton, R.W., 1994. Design Guidelines for Screw Anchors. Proceedings of the International Conference on Design and Construction of Deep Foundations, Vol. 2, pp. 646-655.

Carville, C.A. and Walton, R.W., 1995. Foundation Repair Using Helical Screw Anchors. Foundation Upgrading and Repair for Infrastructure Improvement, ASCE, pp. 56-75.

Clemence, S.P., 1984. The Uplift and Bearing Capacity of Helix Anchors in Soil. Vols. 1,2 & 3, Contract Report TT112-1 Niagra Mohawk Power Corporation, Syracuse, N.Y.

Clemence, S.P., 1994. Uplift Capacity of Helical Anchors in Soils. Proceedings of the 2nd Geotechnical Engineering Conference, Cairo, Vol. 1, pp. 332-343.

Clemence, S.P. and Pepe, F.D. Jr., 1984. Measurement of Lateral Stress Around Multi-Helix Anchors in Sand. Geotechnical Testing Journal, Vol. 7, No. 3, pp. 145-152.

Clemence, S.P. and Smithling, A.P., 1984. Dynamic Uplift Capacity of Helical Anchors in Sand. Proceedings of the 4th Australia-New Zealand Conference on Geomechanics, Vol. 1, pp. 88-93.

Clemence, S.P., Thorsten, T.E., and Edwards, B., 1990. Helical Anchors: Overview of Application and Design. Foundation Drilling, Jan., pp. 8-12.

Clemence, S.P., Crouch, L.K., and Stephenson, R.W., 1994. Prediction of Uplift Capacity for Helical Anchors in Sand. Proceedings of the 2nd Geotechnical Engineering Conference, Cairo.

Cox, R., 1995. Alexander Mitchell and the Screw-Pile. Centre for Civil Engineering Heritage, Trinity College, Dublin, 14 pp.

Curle, R., 1995. Screw Anchors Economically Control Pipeline Bouyancy in Muskeg. Oil and Gas Journal, Vol. 93, No. 17.

Das, B.M., 1990. Earth Anchors. Elsevier Science Publishers, Amsterdam, 241 p.

Deardorff, D. A., 2006. Torque Correlation Factors for Round Shaft Helical Piles. Deep Foundations Institute Symposium on Helical Pile Foundations, Nov., 2007, 20 pp.

Downey, S., 2003. Helical Piles with Grouted Shafts – a Case History. Proceedings of 28th Annual Conference on Deep Foundations, Deep Foundations Institute, pp. 291-298.

Engineering News, 1903. The Pennsylvania Railroad Tunnel Under the North River, at New York City. Oct. 15, pp. 336-341.

Engineering News, 1915. A Submerged Pump Crib Pinned Down with Screw Piles. March 18, p. 529.

Engineering News Record, 1948. Screw Piles Support Turkish Pier. Jan. 8, p. 99.

The Engineering Record, 1906. The Cienfuegos Screw Pile Pier. Jan. 20, p. 80.

Engineering Record, 1912. Steel Screw Piles, Feb. 17, p. 181.

Fabre, R., 2005. Behavior of Helical Screw Piles in Clay and Sand, M.S. Thesis, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Ma.

Feld, J., 1953. A Historical Chapter: British Royal Engineers’ Papers on Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering, 1937-1974. Geotechnique, Vol.3, pp. 242-247.

Ghaly, A.M., 1995. Drivability and Pullout Resistance of Helical Units in Saturated Sands. Soils and Foundations, Vol. 35, No. 2, pp. 61-66.

Ghaly, A.M., 1996. closure to Drivability and Pullout Resistance of Helical Units in Saturated Sands. Soils and Foundations, Vol. 36, No. 2, pp.139-141.

Ghaly, A.M. and Clemence, S.P., 1998. Pullout Performance of Inclined Helical Screw Anchors in Sand. Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 124, No. 7, pp. 617-627.

Ghaly, A.M. and Clemence, S.P., 1999. closure to Pullout Performance of Inclined Helical Screw Anchors in Sand. Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 125, No. 12, pp. 1102-1104.

Ghaly, A.M. and Hanna, A.M., 1991. Experimental and Theoretical Studies on Installation Torque of Screw Anchors. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, Vol. 28, No. 3, pp. 353-364.

Ghaly, A.M. and Hanna, A.M., 1991. Stress Development in Sand Due To Installation and Uplifting of Screw Anchors. Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Piling and Deep Foundations, Vol. 1, pp. 565-570.

Ghaly, A.M. and Hanna, A.M, 1992. Stress and Strains Around Helical Screw Anchors in Sand. Soils and Foundations, Vol. 32, No. 4, pp. 27-42.

Ghaly, A.M. and Hanna, A.M., 1994. Model Investigation of the Performance of Single Anchors and Groups of Anchors. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, Vol. 31, No. 2, pp. 273-284.

Ghaly, A.M. and Hanna, A., 1994. Ultimate Pullout Resistance of Single Vertical Anchors. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, Vol. 31, No. 5, pp. 661-672.

Ghaly, A.M. and Hanna, A., 1994. Ultimate Pullout Resistance of Groups of Vertical Anchors. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, Vol. 31, No. 5, pp. 673-682.

Ghaly, A.M. and Hanna, A., 1995. closure to Ultimate Pullout Resistance of Single Vertical Anchors. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, Vol. 32, No. 6, pp. 1093-1094.

Ghaly, A.M. and Hanna, A., 2003. Response of Anchors to Variations in Displacement-Based Loading. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, Vol. 40, No. ?, pp. 694-701.

Ghaly, A.M., Hanna, A.M. and Hanna, M.S., 1991. Uplift Behavior of Screw Anchors in Sand – I: Dry Sand. Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 117, No. 5, pp. 773-793.

Ghaly, A.M., Hanna, A.M. and Hanna, M.S., 1991. Uplift Behavior of Screw Anchors in Sand – II: Hydrostatic and Flow Conditions. Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 117, No. 5, pp. 794-808.

Ghaly, A., Hanna, A., and Hanna, M., 1991. Installation Torque of Screw Anchors in Dry Sand. Soils and Foundations, Vol. 31, No. 2, pp. 77-92.

Ghaly, A.M., Hanna, A.M. and Hanna, M.S., 1991. Uplift Behavior of Screw Anchors in Sand – I: Dry Sand. Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 117, No. 5, pp. 773-793.

Ghaly, A., Hanna, A., Ranjan, G. and Hanna, M., 1991. Helical Anchors in Dry and Submerged Sand Subjected to Surcharge. Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 117, No. 10, pp. 1463-1470.

Ghaly, A., Hanna, A., Ranjan, G. and Hanna, M., 1993. closure to Helical Anchors in Dry and Submerged Sand Subjected to Surcharge. Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 119, No. 2, pp. 392-394.

Gunnink, Brett; Gammon, Scott; Barker, Michael; Berry, Ron, 1995.  A Finite Element Approach to the Buckling Behavior of Helical Soil Piers.  Journal of Engineering Mechanics, ASCE.

Hanna, A. and Ghaly, A., 1992. Effects of Ko and Overconsolidation on Uplift Capacity. Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 118, No. 9, pp. 1449-1469.

Hanna, A. and Ghaly, A., 1994. Ultimate Pullout Resistance of Groups of Vertical Anchors. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, Vol. 31, No. 5, pp. 673-682.

Hargrave, R.L. and Thorsten, R.E., 1992. Helical Piers in Expansive Soils of Dallas, Texas. Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Expansive Soils.

Haskew, B.B., 1930. The Rebuilding of the Bassein Bridges on the Bombay, Baroda and Central India Railway.  Minutes of the Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers, Vol. 230, pp. 204-233.

Herrod, H., 1930. Screw-Piling, with Particular Reference to Screw-Piles Sewage Sea Outfall Works. Selected Engineering Paper No. 94, The Institution of Civil Engineers, 23 pp.

Hovland, H.J., 1993. discussion of Helical Anchors in Dry and Submerged Sand Subjected to Surcharge. Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 119, No. 2, pp. 391-392.

Hoyt, R.M. and Clemence, S.P., 1989. Uplift Capacity of Helical Anchors in Soil. Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering, Vol. 2, pp. 1019-1022.

Hoyt, R.M., Seider, G., Reese, L.C., and Wang, S.T., 1995. Buckling of Helical Anchors Used for Underpinning. Foundation Upgrading and Repair for Infrastructure Improvement, ASCE, pp. 89-108.

Huang, F.C., Mohmood, I., Joolazadeh, M., and Axten, G.W., 1995. Design Considerations and Field Load Tests of a Helical Anchoring System for Foundation Renovation. Foundation Upgrading and Repair for Infrastructure Improvement, ASCE, pp. 76-88.

Jacobs, C.M., 1910. The New York Tunnel Extension of the Pennsylvania Railroad. Transactions of the American Society of Civil Engineers, Vol. 68, pp. 40-56.

Jennings, R. and Bobbitt, D., 2003. Helical Pulldown Micropiles Support Museum Celebrating the Bicentennial of the Lewis and Clark Expedition. Proceedings of 28th Annual Conference on Deep Foundations, DFI, pp. 285-290.

Johnston, G. H. and Ladanyi, B., 1974. Field Tests of Deep Power-Installed Screw Anchors in Permafrost. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, Vol. 11, No. 3, pp. 348-358.

Johnston, R.J., Swanston, D.N. Baxandall, F.W.,  1999.  Helical Piling Foundations in Juneau, Alaska.  Cold Regions Engineering: Putting Research into Practice 1999.

Khatri, D. and Stringer, S., 2003. Helical Pile Foundation Anchors as a Practical Alternative. Proceedings of 28th Annual Conference on Deep Foundations, DFI, pp. 299-308.

Klosky, J.L., Sture, S., Hon-Yim Ko, H.Y. and Barnes, F., 1998.  Helical Anchors for Combined Anchoring and Soil Testing in Lunar Operations.  Space 98  ASCE.

Kennedy, D., 1930. Construction of Screw-Pile Jetty at Bhavnagar. Selected Engineering Paper No. 95, The Institution of Civil Engineers, 13 pp.

Khatri, D. and Stringer, S., 2003. Helical Pile Foundation Anchors as a Practical Alternative. Proceedings of 28th Annual Conference on Deep Foundations, DFI, pp. 299-308.

Klym, T.W., Radhakrishna, H.S., and Howard, K., 19??. Helical Plate Anchors for Tower Foundations. Proceedings of the 25th Canadian Geotechnical Conference, pp. 141-159.

Kraft, D.C., Davis, J. And Raaf, D.B., 2003. Use of Helical Piles Set into Soft Rock for 1500-Ton Screw Press Foundation. Proceedings of 28th Annual Conference on Deep Foundations, DFI, pp. 209-218.

Kumar, J., 1995. discussion of Ultimate Pullout Resistance of Single Vertical Anchors. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, Vol. 32, No. 6, p. 1093.

Levesque, C.L., Wheaton, D.E. and Valsangkar, A.J., 2003. Centrifuge Modeling of Helical Anchors in Sand. Proceedings of the 12th Panamerican Conference on Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering, Vol. 2, pp. 1859-1863.

Liu, H., Zubeck, H., and Baginski, S., 1999.  Evaluation of Helical Piers in Frozen Ground.  Cold Regions Engineering: Putting Research into Practice 1999.

Livneh, B. and El Naggar, M.H., 2007. Axial Load Testing and Numerical Modeling of Square Shaft Helical Piles. Canadian Geotechnical Journal.

Lutenegger, A.J., Smith, B.L. and Kabir, M.G., 1988. Use of In Situ Tests to Predict Uplift Performance of Multi-Helix Anchors. Special Topics in Foundations, ASCE, pp. 93-110.

McDonald, J.K., 1999. discussion of Pullout Performance of Inclined Helical Screw Anchors in Sand. Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 125, No. 12, p. 1102.

Mitsch, M.P. and Clemence, S.P., 1985. The Uplift Capacity of Helix Anchors and Sand. Uplift Behavior of Anchor Foundations in Soil, ASCE, pp. 26-47.

Mooney, J.S., Adamczak, S.Jr., and Clemence, S.P., 1985.  Uplift Capacity of Helix Anchors in Clay and Silt. Uplift Behavior of Anchor Foundations in Soil, ASCE, pp. 48-72.

Morgan, H.D., 1944. The Design of Wharves on Soft Ground. Journal of the Institution of Civil Engineers, Vol. 22, pp. 5-25.

(discussions by F.E. Wentworth-Shields, C.W. Knight, F.M.G. Du-Plat-Taylor, J.S. Wilson, L.F. Cooling, S. Packshaw, A.W. Skempton, G.P. Manning, J. Bickley, J.E.G. Palmer, and L.Turner, pp. 25-45.)

Muiden, M.A., 1926. Screw-Pile Mooring-Berths. Selected Engineering Papers No. 37, The Institution of Civil Engineers, 14 pp.

Narasimha  Rao, .S., Prasad, Y.V.S.N., Shetty, M.D. and Joshi, V.V., 1989. Uplift Capacity of Screw Pile Anchors. Geotechnical Engineering, Vol. 20, No. 2, pp. 139-159.

Narasimha  Rao, S., Prasad, Y.V.S.N., and Prasad, C.V., 1990. Experimental Studies on Model Screw Pile Anchors. Proceedings of the Indian Geotechnical Conference,  Bombay, pp. 465-468.

Narasimha Rao, S., Prasad, Y.V.S.N. and Shetty, M.D., 1991. The Behavior of Model Screw Piles in Cohesive Soils. Soil and Foundations, Vol. 31, No. 2, pp. 35-50.

Narasimha Rao, S. and Prasad, Y.V.S.N., 1993. Estimation of Uplift Capacity of Helical Anchors in Clays. Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 119, No. 2, pp. 352-357.

Narasimha Rao, S., Prasad, Y.V.S.N. and Veeresh, C., 1993. Behavior of Embedded Model Screw Anchors in Soft Clays. Geotechnique, Vol. 43, No. 4, pp. 605-614.

Narasimha Rao, S. and Prasad, Y.V.S.N., 1992. discussion of Uplift Behavior of Screw Anchors in Sand. I: Dry Sand. Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 118, No. 9, pp. 1474-1476.

Nasr. M.H., 2004. Large Capacity Scrrew Piles. Proceedings of the International Conference on Future Vision and Challenges for Urban Development, Cairo, Egypt,.

Pack, J.S., 2000. Design of Helical Piles for Heavily Loaded Structures. New Technological and Design Developments in Deep Foundations, ASCE, pp. 353-367.

Pack, J.S., 2003. Helical Foundation and Tiebacks: Quality Control, Inspection and Performance Monitoring. Proceedings of 28th Annual Conference on Deep Foundations, DFI, pp. 269 – 284.

Pack, J.S. and McNeill, K.M., 2003. Square Shaft Helical Screw Piles in Expansive Clay Areas. Proceedings of the 12th Panamerican Conference on Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering, Vol. 2, pp. 1825-1832.

Perko, H.A., 2000. Energy Method for Predicting the Installation Torque of Helical Foundations and Anchors. New Technological and Design Developments in Deep Foundations, ASCE, pp. 342-352.

Perko, H.A., 2003. Lateral Capacity and Buckling Resistance of Helix Foundations. Foundations Technology Seminar, DFI, University of Cincinnati.

Perko, H.A., 2004. Introduction to Corrosion and Galvanizing of Helix Foundations. Deep Foundations Institute Specialty Seminar on Helical Foundations and Tiebacks, Tampa, Florida, 7 pp.

Prasad, Y.V.S.N. and Narasimha Rao, S., 1994. Pullout Behavior of Model Piles and Helical Pile Anchors Subjected to Lateral Cyclic Loading. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, Vol. 31, No. 1, pp. 110-119.

Prasad, Y.V.S.N. and Narasimha Rao, S., 1996. Lateral Capacity of Helical Piles in Clays. Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 122, No. 11, pp. 938-941.

Prasad, Y.V.S.N., 1996. discussion of Drivability and Pullout Resistance of Helical Units in Saturated Sands. Soils and Foundations, Vol. 36, No. 2, p. 139.

Puri, V.K., Stephenson, R.W.,  Dziedzic, E. and Goen, L., 1984. Helical Anchor Piles Under Lateral Loading. ASTM STP 835, pp. 194-213.

Rabeler, R.C., 1989. Soil Corrosion Evaluation of Screw Anchors. ASTM STP 1013, pp.

Radhakrishna, H.S., 1975. Helix Anchor Tests in Stiff Fissured Clay. Ontario Hydro Research Division Research Report.

Radhakrishna, H.S., 1976. Helix Anchor Tests in Sand. Ontario Hydro Research Division Research Report 76-130-K, pp. 1-33.

Robinson, K.E. and Taylor, H., 1969. Selection and Performance of Anchors for Guyed Transmission Towers. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, Vol. 6, pp. 119-135.

Rodgers, T.E. Jr., 1987. High Capacity Multi-Helix Screw Anchors for Transmission Line Foundations. Foundation for Transmission Line Towers, ASCE, pp. 81-95.

Rupiper, S. and Edwards, W.G., 1989. Helical Bearing Plate Foundations for Underpinning. Foundation Engineering: Current Principles and Practices, ASCE, Vol. 1, pp. 221-230.

Rupiper, S., 1994. Helical Plate Bearing Members, A Practical Solution to Deep Foundations. Proceedings of the International Conference on the Design and Construction of Deep Foundations, Vol. 2, pp. 980-991.

Scientific American, 1904. Driving a Test Pile for the Hudson River Tunnel. April 23, p. 324.

Schmidt, R. and Nasr, M., 2004. Screw Piles: Uses and Considerations. Structure Magazine, June, pp. 29-

Seider, G.L., 1993. Eccentric Loading of Helical Piers for Underpinning. Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Case Histories in Geotechnical Engineering, Vol. 1, pp. 139-145.

Seider, G. L., 2000. Versatile Steel Screw Anchors. Structural Engineer, March.

Seider, G. L., 2004. Helical Foundations: What the Engineer Needs to Know. Structure Magazine, June, pp. 27-28.

Seider, G.L. and Smith, W.P., 1995. Helical Tieback Anchors Help Reconstruct Failed Sheet Pile Wall. Proceedings of the 45th Highway Geology Symposium, Charleston, W,V.

Seider. G.L., Thorsten, R. E., and Clemence, S.P., 2003. Helical Piles with Grouted Shafts – A Practical Overview. Proceedings of 28th Annual Conference on Deep Foundations, DFI, pp. 219-232.

Shaheen, W.A., 1985. The Behavior of Helical Anchors in Soil. M.S. Thesis, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Ma.

Shaheen, W.A. and Demars, K.R., 1995. Interaction of Multiple Helical Earth Anchors Embedded in Granular Soil. Marine Georesources and Geotechnology, Vol. 13, pp. 357-374.  Tench, R., 1944. Cast Iron Piles Screw-Driven to Rock. Engineering News-Record, December 28, pp. 60-61.

Trofimenkov, J.G. and Maruipolshii, L.G., 1964. Screw Piles as Foundations of Supports and Towers of Transmission Lines. Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering, (Osnovaniya Fundamenty I Mekhanika Gruntov), Vol. 1, No. 4, pp. 232-239.

Trofimenkov, J.G. and Maruipolshii, L.G., 1965. Screw Piles Used for Mast and Tower Foundations. Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering, Vol. 2, pp. 328-332.

Udwari, J.J, Rodgers, T.E., and Singh, H., 1979. A Rational Approach to the Design of High Capacity Multi-Helix Screw Anchors. Proceedings of the 7th Annual IEEE/PES, Transmission and Distribution Exposition, pp. 606-610.

Vickars, R.A. and Clemence, S.P., 2000. Performance of Helical Piles with Grouted Shafts. New Technological and Design Developments in Deep Foundations, ASCE, pp. 327-341.

Weech, C.N., 2002. Installation and Testing of Helical Piles in a Sensitive Fine-Grained Soil. M.S. Thesis, Dept. Of Civil Engineering, University of British Columbia.

Weikart, A.M. and Clemence, S.P., 1987. Helix Anchor Foundations – Two Case Histories. Foundations for Transmission Line Towers, ASCE, pp. 72-80.

White, B.G., 1949. The Construction of Military Ports in Gareloch and Loch Ryan. Civil Engineering and Public Works Review, Vol. 44, No. 514, pp. 212-216.

Wilson, G., 1950. The Bearing Capacity of Screw Piles and Screwcrete Cylinders. Journal of the Institution of Civil Engineers – London, Vol. 34, No. 5, pp. 4-73.

(discussions by H.D. Morgan, A.W. Skempton, J. Bickley, C.C. Marshall, G.G. Meyerhof, P.A. Scott, D.H. Little, N.S. Boulton, and G. Wood, pp. 74-93. also discussions by A.S.E. Ackermann, F.L. Cassel, W.T. Marshall, P.W. Rowe, G.P. Tschebotarioff, R.J.C. Tweed, R. Pavry, R.E. Gibson, and A.A. Yassin, Journal of the Institution of Civil Engineers-London, Vol. 34, pp. 374-386.)

Yokel, F.Y., Chung, R.M., and Yancey, C.W.C., 1981. NBS Studies of Mobil Home Foundations. U.S. National Bureau of Standards Report NBSIR 81-2238.

Zhang, D. J. Y., 1999. Predicting Capacity of Helical Screw Piles in Alberta Soils. M.S. Thesis University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada.

Zubeck, H. and Liu, H. 2000. Helical Piers in Frozen Ground. Proceedings of the 3rd International Workshop on Micropiles, Turku Finland, Tampre University of Technology, Geotechnical Laboratory Publication No. 49.


PRE 1900 Screw Pile References

Anderson, C.W., 1899. Hydraulic Pile-Screwing. Minutes of the Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers, Vol. 139, pp. 302-307.

Anderson, C.W., 1900. A Hydraulic Screwing Machine for Driving Screw Piles, Engineering News, Vol. 44, No. 6, p. 90.

Bache, H., 1854. Lighthouse on the New South Shoal, Nantucket, U.S. The Civil Engineer and Architect’s Journal, Vol. 17, pp. 410-418.

Barber, T.W., 1898. The Victoria Bridge over the Dee at Queensferry. Minutes of the Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers, Vol. 138, pp. 344-349.

Barber, T.W., 1900. Telescopic Drawbridge over the River Dee at Queensferry. Engineering News,  January 18, pp. 46-47.

Boult, W.S., 1878. Putting Down Screw Piles Through Very Hard Clay at Seacombe. Liverpool Engineering Society, Vol. 1, p. 129.

Brunless, J., 1855. New Railway Drawbridge over the Leven. The Civil Engineer and Architect’s Journal, Vol. 18, p. 33.

Burnell, G.R., 1855. Practical Observations on Pile Driving. The Civil Engineer and Architect’s Journal, Vol. 18, pp. 265-268.

The Civil Engineer and Architect’s Journal, Scientific and Railway Gazette, 1839. Construction of Lighthouses on Sand. Vol. 2, pp. 37-38.

The Civil Engineer and Architect’s Journal, Scientific and Railway Gazette, 1840. On Sub-Marine Foundations – Correspondence. Vol. 3, p. 229.

The Civil Engineer and Architect’s Journal, Scientific and Railway Gazette, 1841. The Maplin Lighthouse. Vol. 4, p. 132.

The Civil Engineer and Architect’s Journal, Scientific and Railway Gazette, 1843. Screw Pile Lighthouse, at Foot of Wyre; Correspondence between A. Mitchell and H.W. Denham, Vol. 6, p. 299.

The Civil Engineer and Architect’s Journal, Scientific and Railway Gazette, 1844. Patent Screw-Pile Battery and Light-House, Vol. 7, p. 68.

The Civil Engineer and Architect’s Journal, Scientific and Railway Gazette, 1948. abstract of paper On Submarine Foundations; particularly the Screw-Pile and Moorings by A. Mitchell, Vol. 11, pp. 22-23.

The Civil Engineer and Architect’s Journal, Scientific and Railway Gazette, 1851. Wild’s Patent Iron Graving Docks. Vol. 14, p. 211.

Conybeare, H., 1871. Description of Viaducts Across the Estuaries on the Line of the Cambrian Railway. Minutes of the Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers, Vol. 32, pp. 137-145.

Denham, H. M., 1840. Wyre Lighthouse. The Civil Engineer and Architect’s Journal, Scientific and Railway Gazette, Vol. 3, pp. 181-182.

Duckham, F.E., 1889. Underpinning Great Yarmouth Town Hall. Minutes of the Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers, Vol. 98, pp. 372-374.

Duncklee, J.B., 1892. The Iron Wharf at Fort Monroe, Va., Transactions of the American Society of Civil Engineers, Vol. 27, pp. 115-124.

Elmes, J., 1837. Description of Mr. Mitchell’s Patent Screw Moorings. The Civil Engineer and Architect’s Journal, Vol. 1, p. 22.

Engineering News, 1892. Screw Piles in Germany. May 26, p. 532.

Engineering News, 1892. Screw Piles for Bridge Piers. Aug. 4, p. 116.

Engineering News, 1892. Sinking a Cylinder Pier with Screw Piles. Sept. 8, pp. 233-234.

Engineering News, 1892. Screw Pile Pier in Africa. Oct. 6, p. 320.

Engineering News, 1895. Screw Piling for a Pier at Blankenberg, Belgium. June 6, p. 360.

The Engineering and Building Record, 1890. Screw Pile Bridge over the Wumme River, April 5, pp. 280-281.

The Engineering Record, 1893. The Iron Wharf at Fort Monroe, Va., March 18, pp. 313-314.

The Engineering Record, 1900. Hydraulic Pile-Screwing. Vol. 41, No. 24, pp. 570-571.

Fowke, F., 1857. On Civil Construction. The Civil Engineer and Architect’s Journal, Vol. 20, pp. 141-143.

Fraser, A., 1867. Applicability of Screw-Pile Light-Houses to the Mouths of the Rivers and the Coast of India. The Civil Engineer and Architect’s Journal, Vol. 30, pp. 259-260.

Gibson, T., 1878. The Huelva Pier of the Rio Tinto Railway. Minutes of the Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers, Vol. 53, pp. 130-163.

Grover, J.W., 1871. Description of the Wrought-iron Pier at Clevedon, Somerset. Minutes of the Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers, Vol. 32, pp. 130-136.

Guadard, J., 1877. On Foundations. Minutes of the Institution of Civil Engineers, Vol. 50, pp. 112-134.

Hooper, H., 1869. Description of the New Ferry and the New Brighton Piers and Landing Stages on the River Mersey, Near Liverpool. Minutes of the Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers, Vol. 28, pp. 217-225.

Horner, J.J., 1867. On Certain Methods of Applying Screw Piling. The Civil Engineer and Architect’s Journal, Vol. 30, pp. 105-107.

Johnson, F., 1862. Mitchell’s Screw Piles and Moorings, with Johnson’s Patented Improvements. Civil Engineer and Architect’s Journal, Vol. 25, pp. 216-217.

Johnston, E., 1865. The Chey-Air Bridge, Madras Railway. Minutes of the Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers, Vol. 24, pp. 184-195.

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